Holy Roman Emperors

Dates of Reign Emperor Rivals
800–814 Charlemagne    
814–840 Louis I (the Pious); crowned 816.    
840–855 Lothar I    
855–875 Louis II (in Italy)    
875–877 Charles II, the Bald (West Frankish)    
877–887 Charles III, the Fat (East Frankish); crowned 881.    
887–891 Vacancy during the war between the rivals, Guido of Spoleto and Berengar of Friuli
891–894 Guido (in Italy)    
892–899 Lambert (co-regent-emperor with Guido)    
896–901 Arnulf (rival of Lambert; crowned by the pope)    
901–905(928) Louis III, of Provence    
905(915)–924 Berengar    
       

Italian Line

924–926 Rudolf of Burgundy    
926–945 Hugh of Provence    
945–950 Lothar III    
952–962 Berengar    

German Line

911–918 Conrad I (Franconian); never crowned at Rome    
918–936 Henry I, the Fowler (Saxon); never crowned at Rome    
936(962)–973 Otto I, the Great; crowned 962.    
973–983 Otto II    
983–1002 Otto III; crowned 996    
1002–1024 Henry ll, the Saint (Bavarian); crowned 1014    
1024–1039 Conrad II, the Salian (Franconian); crowned 1027    
1039–1056 Henry III, the Black; crowned 1046    
1056–1106 Henry IV; crowned 1084 1077–1080 Rudolf of Swabia
1081–1093 Hermann of Luxemburg
1093–1101 Conrad of Franconia
1106–1125 Henry V; crowned 1111.    
1125–1137 Lothar II (Saxon); crowned 1133    
1138–1152 Conrad III (Swabian); never crowned at Rome    
1152–1190 Frederick I, Barbarossa; crowned 1155    
1190–1197 Henry VI; crowned 1191    
1198–1212 Otto IV (Brunswick); crowned 1209 1198–1208 Philip II of Swabia; never crowned
1212–1250 Frederick II; crowned 1220. 1246-1247 Henry Raspe; never crowned
1247–1256 William of Holland; never crowned
1250–1254 Conrad IV; never crowned    
1254–1273 The Great Interregnum. Competitors: 1257–1273 Richard of Cornwall; never crowned
1257–1272 Alfonso X of Castile; never crowned
1273–1291 Rudolf I (Hapsburg); never crowned, but recognized by the pope, 1274.    
1292–1298 Adolf I (Nassau); never crowned    
1298–1308 Albert I (Hapsburg); never crowned    
1308–1313 Henry VII (Luxemburg); crowned 1312    
1314–1347 Louis IV (Bavaria); crowned 1328. 1325–1330 Frederick of Hapsburg, coregent
1347–1378 Charles IV (Luxemburg); crowned 1355. 1347–1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg
1378–1400 Wenzel or Wenceslas (Luxemburg); crowned 1376.    
1400–1410 Rupert or Ruppreclit (Palatinate): never crowned    
1410–1437 Sigismund (Luxemburg); crowned 1433. 1410–1411 Jobst of Moravia
1438–1439 Albert II (Hapsburg); never crowned    
1440–1493 Frederick III; last emperor crowned in Rome    
1493–1519 Maximilian I; never crowned    
1519–1556 Charles V; last emperor crowned by the pope (at Bologna)    
1558–1564 Ferdinand I    
1564–1576 Maximilian II    
1576–1612 Rudolf II    
1612–1619 Matthias    
1619–1637 Ferdinand II    
1637–1657 Ferdinand III    
1658–1705 Leopold I    
1705–1711 Joseph I    
1711–1740 Charles VI    
1742–1745 Charles VII (Bavaria)    
1745–1765 Francis I (Lorraine)    
1765–1790 Joseph II    
1790–1792 Leopold II    
1792–1806 Francis II    
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