An English and later British unit of capacity, a quarter of a tun, = 63 wine gallons. After conversion to imperial measure in 1824, the hogshead became 52.5 imperial gallons, about 238.7 liters. See beer and ale for a chart showing its changes over time for those commodities. See wine barrel for a chart showing its changes in value and its relation to other wine measures. Abbr., hhd.
In Ceylon, a law in force in 1900 fixed the hogshead at 63 gallons.
In addition to the legal value, the hogshead had various conventional commercial values, depending on the commodity.
|Mid 19th century,
according to Waterston
|beer||54 imperial gallons|
|brandy||45–60 imp. gal.; some say 57||60 imp. gal.; 273 liters|
|claret||46 imp. gallons||46-49 imp. gal.; 209-225 liters|
|madeira, marsala||46 imp. gal.; 209 liters|
|port||58 imp. gal.; 264 liters|
|Scotch whisky||55–60 imp. gallons||56 imp. gal.; 255 liters|
|sherry||55 imp. gal.; 250 liters|
|sugar (West Indies)||1,456–1,792 pounds avoirdupois.|
|tobacco||1,344–2,016 pounds avoirdupois.|
|Hock, Rhine and
See these statutes: 1 Richard III, chapter 13, 2 Henry VI chapter 14
15228 Cubic inches, or 8 4/5 cube feet, in one hogshead of beer measure in London, containing 54 gallons.
13536 Cube inches, or 7 5/6 cube feet, in one hogshead of ale measure in London, containing 48 gals.
14382 Cube inches, or 8 2/6 cube feet, in one hogshead of beer and ale measure in the country, containing 51 gallons.
14553 Cube inches, or 8 2/5 cube feet, in one hogshead of wine measure, containing 63 gallons.
Hoppus's Tables for Measuring, or Practical Measuring Made Easy, by a New Set of Tables... A New Edition.
London: Printed for Longman and Co., etc., 1837.
In South Africa, a unit of liquid capacity for wine, about 65 imperial gallons, about 295 liters. Formerly = 8 ankers.
The variation in the size of the hogsheads [63 to 72 imperial gallons] is owing to the importation of casks about this size, from different countries, which are retained when empty, instead of being returned.
Alfred J. Martin.
Up-to-date Tables of Imperial, Metric, Indian and Colonial Weights and Measures…
London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1904.
In Australia, a unit of liquid capacity for wine, about 65 imperial gallons, about 295 liters.
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Last revised: 8 April 2011.