French cheeses

Each label bears two percentages, one marked ES and the other MG.

The ES figure gives the percentage of dry matter in the cheese. If a cheese is marked “60% ES,” 40% of the cheese, by weight, is water.

“40% MG” means that 40% of the dry matter in the cheese is fat.

So, for example, a cheese marked 60% ES, 40% MG would be (0.6 × 0.4 = .24) 24% fat by weight.

The fat content of the cheese may also be described in words:

Description Percentage Fat
by Weight
skim-milk cheese under 20%
cream cheese 40 to 45%
double-cream cheese 46 to 60%
triple-cream cheese 60 to 75%

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