The text is that printed in Statutes of the Realm, vol. II, page 174, with the following changes: Subheads and extra paragraph breaks have been added, even in the middle of sentences, because such chunking of the text makes it easier for a modern reader to grasp the meaning. The special ligatures and symbols needed to represent abbreviations common in 15th-century handwriting, for which no equivalents exist in online fonts, have been spelled out.
ITEM, Whereas in the Time of the King's noble Progenitors it was ordained, That one Measure of the Corn should be through all the Realm of England, that is to say, Eight Bushels for the Quarter, and that every Bushel shall contain eight Gallons, by Force of which Ordinances such measure hath been used, with a Bushel of the said Quarter heaped;¹
[abuses by those buying grain for the King's households]
And notwithstanding the said good Ordinances and Usages, the Purveyors of Corn as well for the House of the Father of our Lord the King, as for the House of our Lord the King which now is, have taken before this Time for the said Houses continually Nine Bushels of Wheat and of other Corn for the Quarter, and that many Times by Measure not sealed, and also not stricken, against the Will of the Sellers of the same, and without due Price set upon the same after the Law of the Land, and also cause the Sellers to carry the said Corn to what Place that them pleaseth, without paying for the Carriage;
And the Merchants and Citizens of London, do use to take of every Seller for the Quarter of Wheat Nine Bushels, by the Measure used within the said city called the Fatt,² with the Bushel set upon the said Fatt, and yet make the Sellers to pay a Halfpenny for the measuring of every Quarter, and take for a Quarter of Oats Ten Bushels, wherby the Buyers of the Corn in the Country will not buy nor take for the Quarter of Corn, but in the same manner as the said Purveyors and they of the said City used to take, to the great Hindrance and perpetual undoing of the Commonalty aforesaid:
[eight striken bushels to the quarter, buyer to pay ready money for carriage]
It is ordained and established, That all the said good Ordinances be firmly holden and kept, after the Effect of the same; and that no Purveyor of our Lord the King, nor any other shall use hereafter to buy nor to take any Corn by any other Measure, but Eight Bushels striked for the Quarter; and that none be otherwise bound to deliver for the Quarter but Eight Bushels striked as is aforesaid ; and also that the Payment be made in Hand for the Carriage:
And that if any Purveyor of our Lord the King, or any other Person buy or take any Corn otherwise, or by other Measure but Eight Bushels striked for the Quarter, as in the said Ordinances is contained, and thereof be attainted, he shall have One Year's Imprisonment, and pay to the King an Hundred Shillings, and to the Party that feeleth himself grieved another Hundred Shillings, and that as often as any of them be thereof attainted; and that the Party which will sue, have an Action grounded upon the Case: And that the Justices of the Peace have Power to enquire and hold Plea of all these Things aforesaid, and upon that make Punishments as is aforesaid, as well as the Suit of the King as of the Party:
[no charge to be made for the measuring of grain]
And that from henceforth nothing be taken for the measuring of such Corn in any wise.
1. That is, of the eight bushels, only one was heaped.
2. Fatt. Some manuscripts say “Fate,” others say “Vat” or “Fatte.” “Fatt” is the usual term in modern discussions.
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Last revised: 1 January 2008.