See also faggot, shid.
In England, at least as early as the 14th – 19th centuries, pieces of firewood smaller than shids but larger than faggots were called billets. See the sources for the standard sizes:
Schedule of murage chargeable on divers goods.
for every thousand (millena) of “talwode” 4d.; for the same of “faget” 2d.; for the same of “bilet” ½d.;
Reginald R. Sharpe, editor.
Calendar of Letter-Books Preserved among the Archives of the City of London at the Guildhall.
Letter-Book H. Circa A.D. 1375-1399.
London: Printed by John Edward Francis, 1907.
Probably written 1386.
Please see 34 & 35 Henry VIII, chapter 3 (1542-1543)
Billets should be 3 Foot long, and should be in compasse 7 inches and a halfe; 10 or 14 inches, as they are reckoned for 1, 2, or 3.
The Purchasers Pattern. 2nd ed., corrected and enlarged.
London: Printed for R. & W. Leybourn, for T. Pierrepont..., 1654.
Billets are to be 3 Feet long, whereof there should be 3 Sorts, viz, a Single, a Cask, and a Cask of two. The first is 7 inches, the second 10 Inches, and the third 14 Inches about; and they are sold by the Hundred, five Score to the Hundred.
Hayes (1740), page 207.
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Last revised: 18 February 2014.