pressure

an SI Tour

pressure in
yoctopascals
(10−24)
 
0.000 000 01 Intergalactic space
   
pressure in
zeptopascals
(10−21)
 
   
pressure in
attopascals
(10−18)
 
   
pressure in
femtopascals
(10−15)
 
1 Interplanetary space in the solar system
   
pressure in
picopascals
(10−12)
 
   
pressure in
nanopascals
(10−9)
 
   
pressure in
micropascals
(10−6)
 
   
pressure in
millipascals
(10−3)
 
   
pressure in
pascals
 
700 - 1000 Atmosphere on Mars
pressure in
kilopascals
(103)
 
   
pressure in
megapascals
(106)
 
9 Atmosphere of Venus at surface.
108.6 At the bottom of the Mariana Trench, deepest part of Earth's oceans.
pressure in
gigapascals
(109)
 
16.7 Highest pressure achieved in anvil cells using cubic zirconia anvils (by 2013)

Ji-An Xua, Jeseph Yena, Yuching Wanga and Eugene Huanga.
Ultrahigh pressures in gem anvil cells.
High Pressure Research: An International Journal. vol. 15, no. 2, pages 127-134 (1996).
doi:10.1080/08957959608240466

25.8 Highest pressure achieved in anvil cells using sapphire anvils (by 2013)
58.7 Highest pressure achieved in anvil cells using moissanite anvils (by 2013).

Ji-an Xu and Ho-kwang Mao.
Moissanite: A window for high-pressure experiments.
Science, vol. 290, no. 5492, pages 783-785. October 2000
doi:10.1126/science.290.5492.783.

Ji-an Xu, Ho-kwang Mao, Russell J. Hemley and Earl Hines.
The moissanite anvil cell: a new tool for high-pressure research.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter vol. 14, no. 44, page 11543 (2002).
doi:10.1088/0953-8984/14/44/513

260 - 270 At room temperature, hydrogen becomes a metal.

M. I. Eremets and I. A. Toyan.
Conductive dense hydrogen.
Nature Materials (letter), vol. 10, pages 927-931 (13 Nov 2011).
doi:10.1038/nmat3175

361.7 At the center of the Earth.

D. L. Anderson and R. S. Hart.
Journal of Geophysical Research, vol 81, page 1461 (1976).

640 Static (without use of shock waves) pressure achieved in lab.

Leonid Dubrovinsky, Natalia Dubrovinsky, Vitali B. Prakapenka and Artem M. Abakumov.
Implementation of micro-ball nanodiamond anvils for high-pressure studies above 6 Mbar.
Nature Communications, 3, article no. 1163 (23 October 2012)
doi:10.1038/ncomms2160

pressure in
terapascals
(1012)
 
5 Pressure achieved on diamond, 2013.

R. F. Smith, J. H. Eggert, R. Jeanloz, T. S. Duffy, D. G. Braun, J. R. Patterson, R. E. Rudd, J. Biener, A. E. Lazicki, A. V. Hamza, J. Wang, T. Braun, L. X. Benedict, P. M. Celliers and G. W. Collins.
Ramp compression of diamond to five terapascals.
Nature (letter), vol. 511, issue 7509, pages 330–333 (17 July 2014).
doi:10.1038/nature13526

 
pressure in
petapascals
(1015)
 
   
pressure in
exapascals
(1018)
 
   
pressure in
zettapascals
(1021)
 
   
pressure in
yottapascals
(1024)
 
   

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