The Caliphate

Name Relation to Predecessor Born     Died
Abū Bakr father-in-law of Muhammad the Prophet   632 634  
'Umar ibn al-Khattab father-in-law of Muhammad the Prophet   634 644  
'Uthmān ibn Affan son-in-law of Muhammad the Prophet   644 656  
'Alī ibn Abi Talib first cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad the Prophet   656 661  
Umayyad Dynasty
Mu'āwiya great-grandson of Umayya, 
a distant cousin of Muhammad the Prophet
  661 680  
Yazīd I son   680 683  
Mu'āwiya II son   683 684  
Marwān I great-grandson of Umayya   684 685  
'Abd al-Malik son   685 705  
Al-Walīd I son   705 715  
Sulaymān brother   715 717  
'Umar II grandson of Marwān I   717 720  
Yazīd II son of Abd al-Malik   720 724  
Hishām brother   724 743  
Al-Walīd II son of Yazīd II   743 744  
Yazīd III son of Al-Walīd I   744 744  
Ibrāhīm brother     744,
deposed
750
Marwān II grandson of Marwan I   744 750  
Abbasid Dynasty
Abū al-'Abbās al-Saffāḥ 4th in descent from al-'Abbās,
uncle of Muhammad the Prophet
  750 754  
Al-Manṣūr brother   754 775  
Al-Mahdī son   775 785  
Al-Hādī son   785 786  
Hārun al-Rashīd brother   786 809  
Al-Amīn son   809 813  
Al-Ma'mūn
(Mamun the Great)
brother   813 833  
Al-Mu'taṣim brother   833 842  
Al-Wāthiq son   842 847  
Al-Mutawakkil brother   847 861  
Al-Muntaṣir son   861 862  
Al-Musta'īn grandson of al-Mu'tasim   862 866,
deposed
866
Al-Mu'tazz son of al-Mutawakkil   866 869  
Al-Muhtadī son of al-Wāthiq   869 870  
Al-Mu'tamid son of al-Mutawakkil   870 892  
Al-Mu-taḍid nephew   892 902  
Al-Muktafi son    902 908  
Al-Muqtadir brother   908 932  
Al-Qāhir brother   932 934,
deposed
950
Al-Rāḍī son of al-Muqtadir   934 940  
Al-Muttaqī brother    940 944,
deposed
968
Al-Mustakfī son of al-Muktafi   944 946,
deposed
949
Al-Muṭī son of al-Muqtadir   946 974,
deposed
974
Al-Tā'i son    974 991,
deposed
1003
Al-Qādir son of al-Muttaqi   991 1031  
Al-Qā'im son   1031 1075  
Al-Muqtadī grandson   1075 1094  
Al-Mustaẓhir son   1094 1118  
Al-Mustarshid son   1118 1135  
Al-Rāshid son   1135 1136,
deposed
1138
Al-Muqtafi son of al-Mustazhir   1136 1160  
Al-Mustanjid son   1160 1170  
Al-Mustaḍī son   1170 1180  
Al-Nāṣir son   1180 1225  
Al-Ẓāhir son   1225 1226  
Al-Mustanṣir son   1226 1242  
Al-Musta'ṣim son   1242 1258,
deposed
1258

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