Reigns of
Kings and Queens of Great Britain

For earlier dates, see Reigns of Kings and Queens of England or Reigns of Kings and Queens of Scotland.

All dates are in the Gregorian calendar.

Monarch Descent Birth Dates of Reign Death
House of Stuart
James I grandson of Henry VII;
grandson of James V
1566 1603 1625 1625
Charles I son of James I 1600 1625 1649 executed, 1649
Commonwealth and Protectorate
Commonwealth 1649 1653  
Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector 1599 1653 1658 1658
Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector 1626 1658 1659 abdicated;
died 1712
Commonwealth 1659 1660  
House of Stuart
Charles II son of Charles I 1630 1660 1685 1685
James II brother of Charles II 1633 1685 1688 deposed; 1701
House of Orange
William III &
Mary II
Wm: grandson of Charles I;
Mary: daughter of James II
Wm. 1650;
Mary, 1662
1689 1702 Mary, 1694;
William, 1702
House of Stuart
Anne sister of Mary II 1665 1702 1714 1714
House of Hanover
George I great-grandson of James I 1660 1714 1727 1727
George II son of George I 1683 1727 1760 1760
George III grandson of George II 1738 1760 1820 1820
George IV son of George III 1762 1820 1830 1830
William IV brother of George IV 1765 1830 1837 1837
Victoria niece of William IV 1819 1837 1901 1901
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (after 1917, House of Windsor)
Edward VII son of Victoria 1841 1901 1910 1910
George V son of Edward VII 1865 1910 1936 1936
Edward VIII son of George V 1894 1936 1936 abdicated;
died 1972
George VI brother of Edward VIII 1895 1936 1952 1952
Elizabeth II daughter of George VI 1926 1952    
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