old divisions of year
in China and Japan

Season Chinese Japanese
Nijūshisekki
Meaning Falls on Gregorian
Spring Li ch'un Risshun Beginning of spring 4 or 5 Feb
Yü shui Usui “Rainwater” 19 or 20 Feb
Ching chih Keichitsu “Insects emerge” 5 or 6 Mar
Ch'un fen Shumbun Vernal equinox 21 or 22 Mar
Ch'ing ming Seimei “Pure and clear” 5 or 6 April
Ku yü Kokuu “Grain rains” 20 or 21 April
Summer Li hsia Rikka Beginning of summer 5 or 6 May
Hsiao man Shōman “The lesser ripening” 21 or 22 May
Mang chung Bōshu “Grain beards and seeds” 6 or 7 June
Hsia chih Geshi Summer solstice 21 or 22 June
Hsiao shu Shosho “The lesser heat” 7 or 8 July
Ta shu Taisho “The greater heat” 23 or 24 July
Autumn Li ch'iu Risshū Beginning of Autumn 7 or 8 Aug
Ch'u shu Shosho “Manageable heat” 23 or 24 Aug
Pai lu Hakuro “White dew” 8 or 9 Sept
Ch'iu fen Shūbun Autumnal equinox 23 or 24 Sept
Han lu Kanro “Cold dew” 8 or 9 Oct
Shuang chiang Soko Frost falls 23 or 24 Oct
Winter Li tung Ritto Beginning of winter 7 or 8 Nov
Hsiao hsueh Shōsetsu “Light snow” 22 or 23 Nov
Ta hsueh Taisetsu “Heavy snow” 7 or 8 Dec
Tung chih Toji Winter solstice 21 or 22 Dec
Hsiao han Shokan “Little cold” 5 or 6 Jan
Ta han Daikan “Big cold” 20 or 21 Jan

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