Ahm

See also: aum.

1

In Denmark, a unit of liquid capacity used for Rhine wine, linseed oil and vinegar, = 4 ankre = 2/3 oksehoved.

According to the decree of 1698, 1 ahm = 155 potter. But the same decree says there are 39 potter to the anker, making 156 potter to the ahm. Friss and Glaman (page 119) say that “actual evidence ... seems to indicate the greater likelihood that in practice the ahm contained 160 potter”. If that is so, the ahm was about 154.9 liters. Some sources say 154.579.

2

In German-speaking Europe, a unit of liquid capacity, primarily for wine, varying with period and location.

Location Equivalents Size in liters
Baden = 100 Maß 150
Berlin = 2 Eimer = 4 Anker 146.56; 1820 chart symbol
Braunsweig = 4 Anker 149.995
Bremen   144.96
Frankfurt am M. = 20 Viertel 143.4107; 1820 chart symbol
Hamburg = 4 Anker = 5 Eimer 144.48; 1820: chart symbol
Hannover = 4 Anker 155.758
Grand Duchy of Hesse   160.0
Hesse-Kassel   158.75;
for beer, 174.755
Homburg = 80 Mass 160.00
Lübeck & Mecklenburg = 4 Anker = 20 Viertel 145.5
Lippe-Detmold = 3.2 Lögel = 100 Kannen  
Meisenheim = 80 Maß 160
Nassau   160
Prussia = 2 Eimer = 4 Anker 137.4037
Sachsen   134.72
Saxe-Meiningen = 2 Eimer = 64 Schenkmaß 65.45
Schlesweg-Holstein = 4 Anker = 5 Eimer 144.91
Waldeck = 16 2/3 Eimer = 100 Maß 142.82

3

In the Netherlands, 155.224 liters.

sources

L'Aem est compté audit Amsterdam pour 8 Steckans ou pour 20 Verges, ou Viertels, ou bien pour la sixiéme partie d'un Tonneau de 2 Pipes, ou de 4 Bariques de France, ou de Bourdeaux, lequel sixiéme l'on nomme audit Bourdeaux Tierçon, parce que les trois sont 1 Pipe, ou 2 Bariques, & les 6 sont le susdit Tonneau.

The ahm is reckoned in Amsterdam for 8 steckans or 20 verges or viertels, or for a sixth of a tonneau of 2 pipes, or for 4 barriques of France, or of Bordeaux, which sixth part [of a tonneau] is called a tierçon in Bordeaux; because three [ahm] make 1 pipe or 2 barriques, and 6 make the aforementioned tonneau.

Samuel Ricard.
Traité Générale du Commerce… 5th ed.
Amsterdam: Depens de la Compagnie, 1732.
Page 35.

4

At the Cape of Good Hope, 143.85 liters. chart symbol

5

In Switzerland, 150 liters.

6

In Sweden, 157.0313 liters.

7

In Norway, 149.62 liters.

8

In Russia, 147.59 liters.

X

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