GÍN [Akkadian]

In the Neo-Assyrian Empire, 9th – 6th centuries bce, a unit of mass belonging to the shekel family of units. Always written as its logogram GÍN. In cuneiform:

GIN in cuneiform

There were two types of GÍN, a light and a heavy. The heavy could be specified as “GÚ.UN … ina danniti” and the light as “GÚ.UN … ina qalissi”; however, in the tablets which unit is meant is often ambiguous. The heavy GÍN was about 17 grams and the light 8.5 kg. The (heavy) bi-lat contained 3600 (heavy) GÍN.

The magnitude of the weight has been established by archeological finds, for example, at Nimrud.

Chisholm.
Revue d'Assyriologie et d'Archéologie Orientale, vol 18 (1921).
Pages 138-142.

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