arura

1

[Greek] In modern Greece, a unit of land area, a square 50 pous on a side.

2

Latin. In medieval England, a unit of work, a day at the plow. Compare aroura.

sources

1

ARURA pro Aratura. Ploughing. Una arura, one day's work at the plough; Tenet in bondagio et debet unam aruram in yeme, et unam sarculaturam, i. 575. Hence in Wiltshire to ear is to plough, and earing is a day's ploughing.

White Kennett.
Parochial Antiquities Attempted in the History of Ambrosden, Burcester, and other adjacent Parts of the Counties of Oxford and Bucks. vol. 2.
Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1818. (First published in 1695.)
Unpaged glossary.

“i. 575” refers to volume 1, page 575 of Parochial Antiquities... The quote is from an account, written circa 1325, “of the tenants, rents, and services within the manor of Berencester.”

2

Caveat autem sibi a vitio pigritiæ redargui; surgat ergo mane, nè tepidus videatur, vel remissus, & carucas inprimis jungi faciat, deinde campos, boscos, prata, pasturasque ambia & aspiciat, nè inde dampna fiant in auroris. In initio igitur temporis seminandi, & trebinandi, conjunctim sint cum carucis ballivus, præpositus, & messor per totam dietam, donec arruras suas legitimè compleverint, quantum videl' ad unum diem pertinebit, & quad omnes se intromittant, quod carucarii diligenter & bene suas faciant operationes, & qualiter eo die expediverint, statim dis-junctis carucis videant per mensuram : & nisi ipsi carucarii rationabiles prætenderint excusationes de aruris suis, secundum aruram illius dietæ, tenentur reddere rationem.

Fleta book 2 cap 73

Nam una acra pro frumento trinam exigit aruram præceptis terris singulis annis seminatis, & valet arur' xviii. den', herciatura i. den', duo busselli frumenti pro femine xii.d'en', mundatura segetum ob', messura v.den', & cariagium i.den' receptis siquidem sex bussellis, ut tantum trina habeatur restitutio de exitibus inde provenientibus de pretio trium solidorum, sed magis inde non provenientibus, & misis deductis, tres obolos erit dominus sic amissurus.

Fleta book 2 cap 82

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