bēru [Akkadian & Aramaic]

An Akkadian unit of length, 3rd – 1st millenia bce, = 180 ašlu, about 10.8 kilometers.  chart symbol .  It corresponds to the Sumerian dana. In the Neo-Assyrian Empire, 9th – 6th centuries bce,  about 10,692 meters according to Thureau-Dangin.

According to Segre¹, “NINDA meant also a measure of time,” 1/60th of 1/360th of a Babylonian day, about 4 seconds. The beru, = 1800 nindānu, would be 2 Babylonian hours, or as a length the distance walked in 1/12 of a Babylonian day.

1. Andre Segrè.
Babylonian, Assyrian and Persian Measure.
Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 64, No. 1 (April–June 1944)

Page 74.


Examples (itineraries)

C. H. W. Johns.
Assyrian Deeds and Documents vol 2

number 1096


Adad-nirari itinerary VAT 9968 (af0 21 1966 44-5)



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