ancient Babylon
units of mass

Old-Babylonian units of mass

The period from about 1900 bce to 1600 bce.

       

biltu (talent)

   

 manū (mina)

60

 

šiqlu (shekel)

60

3600

 

zūzu

2

120

7200

according to Lehman-Haupt

4.09 g

8.19 g

491.2 g

29.472 kg

according to Segre

 

8.37 g

502 g

30.13 kg

Neo-Babylonian units of mass

The period from independence from Assyria in 626 bce to conquest by Cyrus the Great in 539 bce. This system was eventually adopted by the Jewish captives.

Divisions of the šiqlu (shekel)
   

šiqlu (shekel)

 

šittā qātāti

           

šalsu šigli

2

3

 

rebitu

1 1/3

2 2/3

4

 

ḫummušu

1 2/3

3 1/3

5

 

suddū

1.2

2

4

6

 

b/pitqa

12

1.6

2

2 2/3

5 1/3

8

 

girū

3

4

4.8

6

8

16

24

 

še

22½

30

36

45

60

120

180

as a fraction of the šiqlu,
in sexagesimal notation

0;0,20

0;2,30

0;7,30

0;10

0;12

0;15

0;20

0;40

1

A. J. Sachs.
Two Neo-Babylonian Metrological Tables from Nippur.
Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, pages 67-71 (1947).

A. Ungnad.
Österreichische Lehrerzeitung, Beiheft 2, pages 26-28 (1908).

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