Burma
units of length

Smaller units

t'hwa

maik

t'hit

8

12

mo-yau

4

32

48

n'hon

6

24

192

288

cha-k'hyis

10

60

240

1920

2880

19th century

0.003
in

0.03
in

0.199
in

.796
in

6.37
in

9.55
in

0.084
mm

0.842
mm

5.05
mm

2.021
cm

16.17
cm

24.26
cm

UN 1966

0.004
in

0.04
in

0.23
in

0.92
in

7.33
in

11
in

0.097
mm

0.970
mm

5.82
mm

2.33
cm

18.63
cm

27.9
cm

Larger units

                       

yoozana*

                     

gawot

4

                   

dain

1 3/5

6 2/5

               

kantha kosa*

4

16

             

?mat? tain

1 3/5

4

6 2/5

25 3/5

           

oke thapal

12½

20

50

80

320

bamboo or ta

20

250

400

1000

1600

6,400

lan

35

437½

700

1750

2800

112,00

saundaung

4

7

140

1750

2800

7000

11,200

44,800

t'hwa

2

8

14

280

3500

5600

14,000

22,400

89,600

maik

3

12

21

420

5250

8400

21,000

33,600

134,400

t'hit

8

12

24

96

168

3360

42,000

67,200

168,000

268,800

1,075,200

19th century

.796
in

6.37
in

9.6
in

19.1
in

76.4
in

11.14
ft

222.8
ft

2785.4
ft

0.844
mi

2.11
mi

3.38
mi

13.5
mi

2.0214
cm

15.17
cm

24.26
cm

48.51
cm

1.94
m

3.40
m

67.92
m

0.849
km

1.358
km

3.40
km

5.43
km

21.73
km

UN 1966

0.92
in

7.33
in

11
in

22
in

88
in

12.83
ft

256.7
ft

3208.3
ft

0.972
mi

2.43
mi

3.89
mi

15.556
mi

2.33
cm

18.63
cm

27.94
cm

55.88
cm

2.235
m

3.912
m

78.23
m

0.978
km

1.565
km

3.912
km

6.259
km

25.03
km

* According to Crawfurd, writing in the early 19th century, “The Kosa and Ujana are, in all probability, from their names, borrowed from India; they are not in use.” (page 505) Crawfurd was no doubt thinking of the coss and yojana. He says that “40 Gawots = 1 Ujana”, but Stevenson (page 907) says the yoozana [i.e., ujana] “equals 6400 tas or 4 ga-wokes.” This value is much closer to that of the Indian yojana, so we conclude “40” is an error for “4”, and have adopted Stevenson's equivalences.

Nelkenbrecher, page 723.

John Crawfurd.
On the Peoples and Cultures of the Kingdom of Burma.
SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, vol. 3, no. 2 (Autumn 2005).

Robert C. Stevenson.
Judson's Burmese-English Dictionary. Revised and Enlarged.
Rangoon: Printed by the Superintendent, Government Printing, 1893.

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