Hamburg globe symbol, a link to Google map., Germany circa 1820
units of capacity

Liquid capacity

                 

Fuder

             

Ahm

6

             

Anker

4

24

           

Eimer

5

30

         

Viertel

4

5

20

120

     

Stübchen

2

8

10

40

240

     

Kanne

2

4

16

20

80

480

   

Quartier

2

4

8

32

40

160

960

 

Oessel

2

4

8

16

64

80

320

1920

cubic Zoll*

33¼

66½

133

266

532

2128

2660

10,640

63,840

liters

0.4525

.90504

1.810

3.620

7.240

28.96

36.20

144.81

868.8

*Hamburger Zoll, of course.

Liquid capacity for wine

   

Fass

 

Oxhoft

4

Tierce

6

The size of the Oxhoft varied with the type of wine.

Type of wine Size of Oxhoft
in Stübchen
Bordeaux 62 - 64
brandy 30 Viertel or 60 Stübchen

The Pipe was employed for Spanish wine, equal to 96 - 100 Stübchen.

A unit called the Both was also employed.

Type of wine Size of Both
in Stübchen
Sekt 120 - 130
Malvasia 140

For Rhine wine, the Rheinlandische Viertel was employed. Nelkenbrecher says "100 Franz. Viertel = 105 Rheinl. Viertel." Assuming the French unit to be the velte, at 7.61 liters, the Rheinlandische Viertel would be 7.25 liters, which is very close and perhaps identical to the Hamburg Viertel.

Liquid capacity for beer

         

Brau

       

Tonne

50

Thran Tonne or schmale Tonne

75

 

Stübchen

32

48

2400

 

Kanne

2

64

96

4800

Quartier

2

4

128

192

9600

905
mL

1.81
L

3.63
L

115.8
L

173.8
L

8688
L

According to Nelkenbrecher (13th ed., page 140), 2 Tonnen, each with a net weight of 224 Pfund, equal 1 Quarteel Thran. See below for more on the Quarteel.

Liquid capacity, for whale oil

       

Quarteel

       

Tonne

2

   

Stechkanne

6

12

 

Stübchen

5 1/3

32

64

Margel

3

16

96

192

Quartier

1 1/3

4

21 1/3

128

256

905
mL

1.21
L

3.62
L

19.31
L

115.85
L

231.69
L*

*or a weight of 4 Centners (448 Pfund, 217 kg, the Hamburger Centner being 112 Pfund). Both the Stechkanne and the Margel (a Hamburg version of the mengel) are Germanified Dutch units specific to the trade in whale oil.

Doursther, page 446.

Dry capacity, smaller units, for cereals

         

Fass

       

Himpt

2

     

Spint

4

8

 

grosser Maass

4

16

32

 

kleiner Maass

2

8

32

64

liters

0.824
L

1.648
L

6.59
L

26.37
L

52.75
L

Dry capacity, for wheat, rye and peas

     

Last

   

Winspel

3

Hamburger Scheffel

10

30

Fass

2

20

60

52.75
L

105.5
L

1055
L

3165
L

Dry capacity, for oats or barley

       

Stock

     

Last

   

Winspel

2

3

Scheffel

10

20

30

Fass

3

30

60

90

52.75
L

158.25
L

1582.5
L

3165
L

4747
L

Miscellaneous

Fuder of charcoal was 30 Sacke, each Sacke holding about 210.7 liters.

Kalk Tonne was about 158.1 liters.

See-Salz Tonne was about 187.5 liters.

sources

Chelius, 2nd ed. (1808)

Doursther (1840)

Kelly, 2nd ed. (1821)

Kruse, 4th ed. (1781)

Nelkenbrecher, 13th ed. (1820)

engraving of Hamburg

Civitates Orbis Terrarum, 1572, image courtesy historic-cities.huji.ac.il.

Hamburg in the 16th century.

home | units index | search |  contact drawing of envelope |  contributors | 
help | privacy | terms of use