Cologne, Germany
units of mass based on the mark of Cologne
12th – 19th century

           

Pfund

         

Mark

2

 

Unze or †once

8

16

         

Loth

2

16

32

     

Quentchen

4

8

64

128

     

Pfennig

4

16

32

256

512

 

Heller

2

8

32

64

512

1024

 

As-ducat of Vienna, As of Cologne

62¹³⁄₁₆

251¼

502½

4,020

8,040

 

Eschen

17

68

272

544

4,352

8,704

 

richtpfennigtheil

 

128

256

1,024

4,096

8192

65,536

131,072

ancient, Kelly, Doursther

3.57

5.37

5.82

456.6

913.2

3.65

14.61

29.22

233.77

467.538

after 1838: also called the Vereinsmark or Preussische Mark

3.57
mg

5.37
mg

5.82
mg

456.74
mg

913.50
mg

3.65
g

14.62
g

29.23
g

233.8555
g

467.71

† apothecaries used as = 5.815164 mark, about 233.77 g

   

Mark

Unze

8

   

Lot

2

16

Quentchen

4

8

64

Pfennig

4

16

32

256

As

19

76

304

608

4864??


mg

913.5
mg

3.65
g

14.62
g

29.23
g

233.86
g

 

 

Mark

Unze

8

 

Engel

19

152

As

32

608

4864


g


g


g

233.86
g

Woodcut of Cologne

Liber Chronicarum, 1493, image courtesy historic-cities.huji.ac.il.

Cologne in the 15th century.

home | units index | search |  contact drawing of envelope |  contributors | 
help | privacy | terms of use