Ganjam district, India
19th C units of capacity

Grain Measures

The tables given in the returns to the circular of 1886 accord tolerably well with those in the returns to a circular of 1851. There is however a difference in the number of pucka seers to a toom which makes it necessary to arrange two tables, as follows (every measure is supposed to be heaped):—*

[The tables contain all the data from the 1885 source, but have been organized and filled out to conform to the Sizes format.--editor]

sicca measure
                   

garce

                 

bharnam

7.5

               

pooty

4

30

             

nowt

5

20

150

   

toom or coonchum

4

20

80

600

     

pucka seer

13

65

260

1950

     

adda

1¹⁄₃

18

90

360

2700

   

tavva

2

2²⁄₃

8²⁄₃

34²⁄₃

173¹⁄₃

693¹⁄₃

5120

 

sola

2

4

5¹⁄₃

17¹⁄₃

69¹⁄₃

346²⁄₃

1376²⁄₃

10,325

 

gidda

4

8

16

21¹⁄₃

69¹⁄₃

277¹⁄₃

1386²⁄₃

5546²⁄₃

41,600

weight of rice, heaped moderately, in tolahs

15

30

60

80

260

1040

5200

20,800

156,000

Taking the toom as 240 cubic inches, a rough estimate of the size.

56.7
mL

226
mL

453
mL

908
mL

1.21
L

3.93
L

15.7
L

78.6
L

314
L

2358
L

bikkah measure
         

garce

       

pootty

30

 

toom or coonchum

20

600

 

pucka seer

55

1650

 

adda

1⁵⁄₁₁

4

80

2400

weight of rice, heaped moderately, in tolahs

55

80

220

4400

132,000

           

According to experiments made in 1852, the toom (sometimes called coonchum) averaged, when heaped, 3 seers of rice, of 80 tolahs to the seer, or a total of 240 tolahs. The toom measures were found to be of all shapes, and varied considerably in their struck capacity from 161 cubic inches to 227. The average was 193 cubic inches or 216 tolahs of rice struck, and 240 heaped.

Bikkah measure is in use in villages generally and sicca measure in towns.*

*Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency… Volume II.
Madras: Printed by E. Keys, at the Government Press, 1885.
Page 510.

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