Nepal
units of land area

System used in the mountains

     

ropani

   

aana

16

 

paisa

4

64

dam

4

16

256

21.39
sq ft

85.56
sq. ft

342.25
sq ft

5476
sq. ft

1.99
sq. m

7.95
sq. m

31.80
sq. m

508.74
sq. m

System used in the plain

       

bigha

     

katha

20

   

dhur

20

400

kanwa

16

320

6400

kanee

16

256

5120

102,400

0.067
sq. m

1.06
sq. m

16.93
sq. m

338.6
sq. m

6771.41
sq. m

Converting between the two systems

Some sources say there are 13 ropani in a bigha and others say 13.5. Our calculations suggest about 13.3 ropani to the bigha, and that 1 aana is about 1.88 dhur, which is also in disagreement with certain sources. Perhaps one reason why the subject is so confused is that in reality the conversion is not done. We have found no examples of land measurements in ropani being summed up in a measurement in bigha. The two systems seem to be kept separate.

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