Nepal
units of mass

19th century

For Gold
   

tōlā

 

māsā

10

rattī or lāl

10

100

For Silver
   

tōlā

 

māsā

12

rattī or lāl

8

96

Wright lists units “used in weighing metal utensils” :

             
           

maund

       

धार्नि dhārni

 

       

सेर sēr

3

40

   

tuknī or पाउ pāo

4

12

 

kanwā or chatak

4

16

48

 

तोला tōlā

18

72

216

 

0.37
oz av

1.67
oz av

6.66
oz av

1.67
lb av

4.998
lb av

10.50
g

47.43
g

188.81
g

755.68
g

2.2671
kg

Munshī Shew Shunker Singh and Pandit Shrī Gunanand.
Daniel Wright, editor, and author of the Sketch.
History of Nepal, translated from the Parbatiyā, with an Introductory Sketch of the Country and People of Nepal.
Cambridge (UK): The University Press, 1877.

Page 298.

Francis Hamilton.
An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal.
Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Company, et al, 1819.

Value of the dharni.

20th century

>>difference between Kathmandu and elsewhere (paus per kilogram)

             

quantel

           

maund

         

dharni

 

       

seer

3

40

   

tukni or pao

4

12

 

kanwa or chatak

4

16

48

 

tola

18

72

216

early 20th c, dharni = 2.3325 kg

10.8
g

48.6
g

194.4
g

777.5
g

2.3325
kg

100
kg

United Nations, 1966.

 

Nepal adopted the metric system by the Standard Weights and Measures Act, 1963, which was subsequently replaced by the Standard Weights and Measures Act, 1968, amended 1976.¹ The act permits the temporary use of certain non-metric units which were already in use, including the avoirdupois grain, ounce, pound, hundredweight and ton.  It also retained 6 customary weights:

Kampani tola 11.6638 grams  
Mohar tola 11.0836 grams  
pau (Mohar) 199.4508 grams = 18 Mohar tolas
dharni 2.3934096 kg  
seer (Kampani) 933.10 grams = 80 Kampani tolas
maund 37.3242 kg = 40 seers (Kampani)

The mohar was a silver or gold coin issued from 1750 to 1936, when it was replaced by the rupee. Coin dealers describe the weight of the gold mohar, from 1803 to 1833, as 5.59 grams, which would make the Mohar tola equal to 2 coin weights. However, we have no information to that effect.

Kampani ("company") is ultimately a reference to the British East Indies Company. The 1976 Nepali value for the maund is in practice almsot indistinguishable from the value set in Bengal by Regulation VII of 1833 = 100 troy pounds = 37.3202, and no doubt derives from it.

1. First amendment. Nepal Rajapatra, vol. 26, no. 25 A (Extraordinary), Kartik 4, 2033 (October 20 1976)

home | units index | search |  contact drawing of envelope |  contributors | 
help | privacy | terms of use