Talmudic
units of capacity

Three separate systems, in order of both date of origin and size:

If it was the desert se'ah it should have contained a hundred and forty-four eggs, and if it was the Jerusalem se'ah it should have contained a hundred and seventy-three eggs, and if again it was the one of Sepphoris it should have contained two hundred and seven eggs.

Israel W. Slotkin, translator.
Erubin, 83a
in Isidore Epstein, editor.
The Babylonian Talmud. Sedar Moed, volume 2.
London: The Soncino Press, 1938 (reprint ed. 1978).
Page 370.

The Jerusalem measures are a fifth larger than those of the desert, and the Sepphoris measures a fifth larger than those of Jerusalem.

The size of the Talmudic units is a matter of controversy. The two major schools of thought in the 20th century were represented by Rabbi A. H. Na'eh and Rabbi Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz (1878 – 1953, known as the Hazon Ish). Both (greatly contrasting) views are represented in the tables below.

 

Dry capacity

kor

se'ah

30

 

tarkab

2

60

kab

3

6

180

rova

4

12

24

720

tomen

2

8

24

48

1440

ukhlah

2.5

5

20

60

120

3600

egg  

 

1.2

3

6

24

72

144

4320

desert

Na'eh
 

57.7
mL

69.2
mL

173.1
mL

346.2
mL

1.38
L

4.15
L

8.31
L

248
L

the
Hazon Ish

99.5
mL

119.4
mL

298.5
mL

597.0
mL

2.39
L

7.16
L

14.33
L

430
L

egg  

173

Jerusalem

Na'eh
 

69.1
mL

82.9
mL

207.3
mL

414.6
mL

1.66
L

4.98
L

9.95
L

298.5
L

the
Hazon Ish

119.4
mL

143.3
mL

358.2
mL

716.4
mL

2.86
L

8.60
L

17.19
L

515.8
L

egg              

207

 

Tzipori

Na'eh
 

82.9
mL

99.5
mL

248.7
mL

497.4
mL

1.99
L

5.97
L

11.94
L

358.1
L

the
Hazon Ish

143.3
mL

172.0
mL

429.9
mL

859.8
mL

3.44
L

10.32
L

20.64
L

619.1
L

 

Liquid capacity

 

kor

 

bat

10

hin

6

60

issaron

1 2/3

10

100

log

7 1/5

12

72

720

revi'it

4

28 4/5

48

288

2880

egg

1.5

6

43 1/5

72

432

4320

mesurah

6

9

36

259 1/5

432

2592

25,930

kortob

1 7/9

10 2/3

16

64

460 4/5

768

4608

46,080

desert

Na'eh
 

5.4
mL

9.6
mL

57.6
mL

86.4
mL

345.6
mL

2.49
L

4.1
L

24.9
L

248.8
L

the
Hazon Ish

9.3
mL

16.5
mL

99.5
mL

149.3
mL

597.0
mL

4.30
L

7.2
L

43.0
L

429.9
L

Jerusalem

Na'eh
 

6.5
mL

11.6
ml

69.1
mL

103.7
mL

414.5
mL

2.98
L

5.0
L

29.9
L

298.5
L

the
Hazon Ish

11.2
mL

20.0
mL

119.4
mL

179.1
mL

716.4
mL

5.16
L

8.6
L

51.6
L

515.8
L

Tzipori

Na'eh
 

7.8
mL

13.9
mL

82.9
mL

124.3
mL

497.4
mL

3.58
L

6.0
L

35.8
L

358.1
L

the
Hazon Ish

13.4
mL

23.8
mL

143.3
mL

215.0
mL

859.8
mL

6.19
L

10.3
L

61.9
L

619.1
L

 

A. Naeh.
Shi'urie Torah.
1947.

Adin Steinsaltz.
The Talmud, the Steinsaltz edition: a Reference Guide.
Israel V. Berman, translator and editor.
New York: Random House, 1989.

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