choinix [Greek, χοῖνιξ]

An ancient Greek unit of dry capacity, about 1.1 liters (1 U.S. dry quart). chart symbol

“Note that the word χοῖνιξ [choinix] is employed both to denote a specific unit and as a generic name for containers used as measures.”¹

In Athens, 1 choinix was the daily ration of grain for one man.

The King James version of the Bible translates the choinix (Rev. 6:6) as “measure,” while the RSV calls it a “quart.”

1. Margaret Crosby.
An Athenian Fruit Measure.
Hesperia, vol. 18, no. 1 (Jan.-March 1949).

Page 111, footnote 11.

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