In Marseilles, a unit of dry capacity for wheat, = 1/32 charge = 2 picotins, about 5 liters. According to Doursther, spelled civadier, civadière or sivadière.
In France, a premetric unit of land area, according to Doursther called a civayer or civadier.
In Embrun, = 1/72 charge = 14 7/12 square toises delphinales = 58.37 square meters.
In Gap, the civayer = 1/72 charge = 14 7/12 square toises = 55.4 square meters. The Embrun unit is also used.
Kennelly² quotes a letter calling the unit a civadière and assigning it a value of about 247.17 square meters.
1. Doursther, page 103.
2. Letter from J. B. Pomey, quoted in
Arthur E. Kennelly.
Vestiges of Pre-Metric Weights and Measures Persisting in Metric-System Europe, 1926-1927.
New York: The Macmillan Company, 1928.
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Last revised: 8 May 2001.