fiasco [Italian]

(Plural, fiaschi.) In Tuscany (Florence, Livorno, Pisa), a unit of liquid capacity for wine = ¹⁄₂₀ baril = 2 boccali = 4 mezzette = 8 quartucci, about 2.279 liters. For oil, = ¹⁄₁₆ baril, about 2.089 liters.

At Modena, = ¹⁄₂₀ baril = 2 boccali, about 2.083 liters.

sources

Vino vi [in Florence] si vende a cogno che dieci barili fanno un cogno, et un barile è xl metadelle, o vuoi dire venti fiaschi, che ogni fiascho è dua metadelle. Pesa il barile lib. cxxx.

Wine is sold in cognos, ten barili making a cogno, and a barile is 40 metadelle, or it means 20 fiaschi, each fiasco being two metadelle. A barile weighs 130 libbra.

Chiarini, 1481.

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