In Brunei, Malaysia, Sabah, Singapore and Sarawak, 19th-20th century, a unit of capacity, = 1 imperial gallon (about 4.56 liters or 1.2 U.S. gallons)1,2. link to a table showing relationships between units of capacity in the Straits Settlments Other sources, however, say that in the Straits Settlement a gantang was 32 imperial gallons.

Brunei reported to the FAO that the gantang, when used for measuring paddy, was a unit of dry capacity, about 4.5461 liters.3

1. United Nations, 1966.

2. Technical Factors..., 1972, Singapore, page 301.

3. Technical Factors..., 1972, page 103.


In Malaysia, a gantang of rough rice is a mass of about 2.54 kilograms (about 5.60 pounds).┬╣

1. J. L. Maclean, D. C. Dawe, B. Hardy and G. P. Hettel.
Rice Almanac. 3rd edition.
Oxon, UK: CABI Publishing, 2002.


In Sabah, and Sarawak, 20th century, a unit of mass, = 5 1/3 pounds av. (approximately 2.419 kilograms).

United Nations, 1966.


In Brunei, 20th century, a unit of mass used for rice, = 8 pounds avoirdupois (approximately 3.63 kilograms), unless the rice being weighed is paddy, in which case the gantang is a unit of dry capacity and that amount of paddy will weigh 5 1/3 pounds avoirdupois (approximately 2.419 kilograms).

United Nations, 1966.


In Indonesia, 20th century – present (UN 1966), a unit of capacity used for rice, approximately 8.5766 liters.


In the Netherlands East Indies, 19th – early 20th centuries, two units:

1. The Netherlands Indies.
Buitenzorg, Java: Div. of Commerce, Dept. of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce, no date, 1928(?).

2. E. J. Blockhuys.
Vade-Mecum of Modern Metrical Units. 17th edition, revised and enlarged.
Tokyo: Dobunkwan, 1924.

Page 49.


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