jornal [Spanish, Catalan]

In parts of Spain, a unit of land area, in concept the amount of land a worker could farm in one day. The geometric size varied greatly with the soil and the type of crop. The jornal belongs to the days-work family of land area units.

In the province of Alicante, 19th century, a jornal = 5776 square varas, about 4804.1533 square meters.¹ There were, however, other, smaller jornals in use in the province.

In Lérida, = 1800 square canas, about 4358.04 square meters.

The jornal estadística (or jornal modern) de Tarragona was 2500 square canas, about 6084 square meters. At the other extreme the jornal de cavar, found in Olesa de Montserrat and Montpalau, was only about 400 square meters. Most jornals, however, fell in the range of 2000 to 6000 square meters.

1. Dirección General del Instituto Geográfico y Estadístico.
Equivalencias entre las Pesas y Medidas Usadas Antiguamente en las Diversas Provincias de España y las Legales del Sistema Métrico-Decimal.
Publicadas de Real Orden.
Madrid: Imprenta de la Dirección General del Instituto Geográfica y Estadístico, 1886.

resources

Alsina, Feliu and Marquet provide more than two pages of local values in Catalonia (pages 163-167).

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