Juchart [German, Dutch]

Various units of land area, in concept the amount of land a team of oxen could plow in a day. Also Jauchart, Juchert, Jauchert. See also Joch.

1

In Switzerland, a unit of land area = 400 square Ruthen = 3600 square meters (about 0.89 acres). This was the legal definition from 17 August 1848 (when 11 cantons, mostly German-speaking, signed the Koncordat ├╝ber eine gemeinsame schweizerische Mass- und Gewichtsordnung), later extended on to all of Switzerland on 13 March 1851. By a law of 1875 (effective 1877), Switzerland adopted the metric system, replacing the Juchart with the are.

Prior to the Concordat, cantons usually had their own values, for example: (Notice that the Ruthe itself varied)

Locale Used for or
name of unit
Equivalents Area
sq. meters
Sources
Bern woods = 450 sq. Ruthen 3870.01  
open fields = 400 sq. Ruthen 3440.00  
gardens = 360 sq. Ruthen 3096.00  
pastures = 350 sq. Ruthen 3010.00  
small pastures = 320 sq. Ruthen 2752.00  
smallest Juchart = 312½ sq. Ruthen 2687.50  
Fribourg   = 500 Werklafter = 50000 sq. pied 4300.01  
Lausanne,
Vaud
  Please see pose. 4500.00  
Lucerne grand   3635.52  
petit   2524.66  
Zurich land  = 400 sq. Ruthen 3600.61  
gardens = 360 sq. Ruthen 3240.55  
vineyards = 320 sq. Ruthen 2880.49  

1. Doursther, page 180.

2. Noback

2

In Bolzano (Bozen) and Tyrol generally, = 1000 square Klafter = 36000 square Viennese Fuss, 3599.57 sq. meters.

3

In Amsterdam, = ½ morgen = 300 square roede = 50700 square voet, about 4063.57 square meters. (Doursther)

Sorry. No information on contributors is available for this page.

home | units index | search |  contact drawing of envelope |  contributors | 
help | privacy | terms of use