Various units of land area, in concept the amount of land a team of oxen could plow in a day. Also Jauchart, Juchert, Jauchert. See also Joch.
In Switzerland, a unit of land area = 400 square Ruthen = 3600 square meters (about 0.89 acres). This was the legal definition from 17 August 1848 (when 11 cantons, mostly German-speaking, signed the Koncordat über eine gemeinsame schweizerische Mass- und Gewichtsordnung), later extended on to all of Switzerland on 13 March 1851. By a law of 1875 (effective 1877), Switzerland adopted the metric system, replacing the Juchart with the are.
Prior to the Concordat, cantons usually had their own values, for example: (Notice that the Ruthe itself varied)
|Locale||Used for or
name of unit
|Bern||woods||= 450 sq. Ruthen||3870.01|
|open fields||= 400 sq. Ruthen||3440.00|
|gardens||= 360 sq. Ruthen||3096.00|
|pastures||= 350 sq. Ruthen||3010.00|
|small pastures||= 320 sq. Ruthen||2752.00|
|smallest Juchart||= 312½ sq. Ruthen||2687.50|
|Fribourg||= 500 Werklafter = 50000 sq. pied||4300.01|
|Please see pose.||4500.00|
|Zurich||land||= 400 sq. Ruthen||3600.61|
|gardens||= 360 sq. Ruthen||3240.55|
|vineyards||= 320 sq. Ruthen||2880.49|
1. Doursther, page 180.
In Bolzano (Bozen) and Tyrol generally, = 1000 square Klafter = 36000 square Viennese Fuss, 3599.57 sq. meters.
In Amsterdam, = ½ morgen = 300 square roede = 50700 square voet, about 4063.57 square meters. (Doursther)
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Last revised: 8 May 2016.