Convert between kips and other major units of force.
In the United States, 20th century – present, a unit of force = 1,000 pounds-force, approximately 4.448 222 × 10³ newtons, used by architects and structural engineers to describe deadweight loads. From “kilo” + “pound”.
In England, at least as early as the 16th – 17th centuries, a unit of count for skins, 30 for lamb and 50 for goat. Also spelled kippe, kyppe, and kipp.
Golde skynes the kyppe xiii s. iiii d. [customs duty]
From a 1732 copy (British Museum Add. Roll, 16577) of a manuscript by T. Forgon, internally dated 15 July 1507, consisting of a list of customs duties on various articles, as reproduced as Appendix C in Norman Scott Brien Gras, The Early English Customs System, Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press, 1918, page 698.
In Malaysia, ? – 19th century, a unit of mass primarily used for tin, about 9.19 kilograms. Said to be equal to 37½ Dutch troy pond, but that is difficult to understand, as it is much closer to 37½ marks trooisch.
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Last revised: 28 October 2005.