In German, one set of meanings of the word “Mass” (or “Maß”) is measure, size, dimension, volume, extent, standard. It is also the name of various units, but with various spellings, including Maas. Another related unit is the Mässchen.
This entry deals with the smaller units of capacity, in the range of 0.5 to 2 liters, usually but not always liquid capacity. The much larger units of capacity (at least 15 liters and up to more than 600 liters) are treated under Mäss.
In Austria, ? – 19th century, a unit of liquid capacity, = 4 Seidel = 1/40 Eimer. Also called a Kanne. Article 4 of the law¹ establishing the metric system in Austria specified that the Wiener Mass was equivalent to 1.414724 liters (about 1.5 U.S. liquid quarts). A later commercial source² says about 1.415015 liters.
1. Gesetz of 23 July 1871, R.G.B 1872, No. 16. The law is
Das Mass- und Gewichtwesen und der Richdienst in Österreich.
Volume 13 of Taschenausgabe de österreichischen Gesetze.
Vienna: Munz'sche k. u. k. Hof- Verlags- und Universitats-Buchhandlung, 1900.
2. Nelkenbrecher (1890), page 861.
In Switzerland, ? – 19th century, a unit of liquid capacity, equal to the volume occupied by 3 Pfund of distilled water at its maximum density, 1.5 liters (about 1.36 U.S. liquid quarts). Also called a pot. 1 Mass = 4 Viertelmass or Schoppen. 100 Mass = 1 Saum or Ohm.
Nelkenbrecher (1890), page 761.
|Locale||Equivalents & Comments||Liters||Source|
|Aix-la-Chapelle||= 1/104 aime||1.330||D, p. 253|
|Baden||= 1/100 Ahm = 10 Glas||1.5|
|Bavaria||43 cu zoll legal or commercial = 1/60 Eimer = 4 Quartel||1.069|
167 Hellaichmass = 160 Trübaichmass
10 Hellaichmass = 11 Schenkmass
Various locations for which we have barebones data:
|Locale||Equivalents and Comments||Liters||Source|
|Anspach||= 1/16 Metze. For rye and wheat.||1.321||D, p. 257|
|= 1/18 small Metze. For barley and oats.||1.084|
|Bavaria||= 3/104 Metze|
|Altona, Hamburg||Gross Mass = 1/16 Himt = 2 kleine Mass||1.648||D, p. 257|
|Leipzig||Küchenmass, used for flour, = ½ old Metze||2.549||D, p. 257|
|Nurnberg||= 1/16 Metze. For wheat, rye, peas, lentils. =||1.243||D, p. 257|
|= 1/16 Metze. For oats, barley, spelt.||1.149|
|Weimar||= 2 Nößel. Also called a Kanne.||1.040||D, p. 258|
|Württemberg||= 1/40 Zuber, for charcoal and lime. Same capacity as the Hellaichmass||1.837||D, p. 258|
Key to sources: D = Doursther;
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Last revised: 20 November 2006.