markal [Tamil]

In southern India, ? – 19th century, a unit of capacity. After 1846 = 800 cubic inches.

sources

1

Marakkal, commonly Markal, or Mercal, Tam. () A grain measure in use at Madras, containing 8 padis, or measures, and being one-twelfth of a kalam : it formerly consisted of 750 cubic inches, but is now fixed at 800 cubic inches : 400 marakkáls = 1 garisa, or garce. A marakkál of rice or of salt weighs 960 rupees = 12 sers, or 24 lb. 6 oz. Prlnsep calls the Markal = 27 lb. 2 oz. 2 dr. of water, or nearly 2¾ imperial gallons; but the standard, as since fixed (20th Oct. 1846), makes the marakkál as above, = 28 lb. 12 oz. 13 dr. 22 gr., or in measure 2 9/10 the imperial gallon.

H. H. Wilson, 1855, page 331.

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