In German-speaking Europe, ? – 20th century, a unit of dry capacity, varying greatly with locality, but generally a quarter of a Metze.  “-chen” is a diminutive suffix in German, somewhat similar to “-let” in English (“pig,” “piglet”), so a Mässchen is a little Mäss.

In Prussia, the weights and measures reform of 16 May 1816 made the Mässchen 48 cubic Zoll, about 859 milliliters. link to a table or Prussian units of dry capacity

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