medio

1

In Spain, a unit of dry capacity, = ½ celemín, 2.31 liters (about 2.01 U.S. dry quarts). Mid 19th-century values: in Alicante, 2.566 liters; in Benicarló, 2.083 L; in Cádiz, 2.354 L (but Altés says 2.283 L); in Valencia, 2.138 L (but Altés says 2.115 L).

Doursther, page 263.

2

In Spain, units of liquid capacity, = 1/8 cantaro. Mid 19th-century values: in Alicante, 1.444 liters; in Valencia, 1.475 L.

Doursther, page 263.

3

In Honduras, ? – 20th century, a unit of dry capacity, approximately 45.95 liters.

United Nations 1966.

4

In Venezuela , 20th century, a unit of area, = 5000 square meters, known as a medio portuguesa.

United Nations 1966.

5

In El Salvador, a unit of mass with four different values:

medio fanega
= 24 medios
in libras in kg in libra in kg
18 8.28 432 199
20 9.20 480 221
25 11.50 600 276
30 13.80 720 331

Technical Factors..., 1972, page 155.

6

In Nicaragua, a unit of dry capacity for grain, = 2 cuartillos = 4 quinces. 1 fanega = 24 medios. Defined in 1857 as the volume of a box 25 centimeters square with a height of 12½ cm, thus 7812.5 cubic centimeters. which corresponds to 476.75 cubic inches.

Mantica says “Un medio = (600 pulg. inglesas cubicas) si de arroz 10 lbs., de maiz 13, de frijol 14, de million 15.”¹ Six hundred cubic inches is 9832.24 cubic centimeters. All sources agree that a medio of dry maize weighs about 13 libras. As a rough estimate, taking the libra at 460 grams and the density of maize at 0.76 g per cubic centimeter, 13 libra would be 5980 grams, and 7812.5 cubic centimeters of maize would weigh 5937.5 g. This is pretty good agreement, which casts a good deal of suspicion on the “600 pulg. inglesas cubicas” statement.

Carlos Mantica.
El Habla Nicaragüense.
Editorial Universitaria Centroamericana, 1973.
Page 73.

sources

El medio de medir sera de boca cuadrada y tendra de luz por cada 25 centimetros, la altura interior sera se 12½ centimetros.

Decreto Ejecutivo num. 123, 17 septiembre 1857.

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