A widespread Islamic unit. It derives from the Roman modius.
In Syria , 20th century, a unit of capacity. In Chaba, = 26 liters; in Salkhad and Soueida, = 27.5 liters.
United Nations, 1966.
Technical Conversion Factors…, 1972, page 315.
In Sudan , 20th century, a unit of capacity, the Berber mudd = 8 tasa = 10 2/3 ratl, about 4.79 liters.
1. H[arald] F[rançois] S[aphir] Amery.
English-Arabic Vocabulary for the Use of Officials of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, compiled in the Intelligence Department of the Egyptian Army.
Cairo: Al-Mokattam Printing Office, 1905.
Page 430. There is, however, an internal inconsistency in Amery’s data. He says this mudd = 8 tasa of 1½ ratl (i.e., 12 ratl), but also that it = 10 2/3 ratl. The metric equivalent given above is based on the 10 2/3 equivalent.
When Maslamah approached Constantinople, he ordered every horseman to load two mudds¹⁴⁵ of food on the back of his horse so that he might bring it to Constantinople.
145. Text: muddayn. The Cairo ed. has mudyayn. A mudd is a dry measure for grain, used in Syria and Egypt. See Tabari, Glossary, CDLXXXI I ; Hinz, Islamische Masse, 45-47.
David Stephan Powers, trans. and annotator.
The History of al-Tabari.
Volume 24. The Empire in Transition.
Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, circa 1995.
Describing the siege of Constantinople in 1315 ce.
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