pied [French]

1

A premetric French unit of length, at least as early as the 16th century. Literally translated, “foot.” The most widely used pied, and the one used in Paris, was the pied du roi, 324.83938497 millimeters (12.789 inches) = 12 pouces = 1728 lignes. It is often called the pied of Paris. Legend has it that it is the length of Charlemagne’s foot.

Another unit, the pied géométrique, was the same length but was divided into 10 pouces and 100 lignes.

In the systém usuel (1812 – 1839), the pied usuel = ¹⁄₃ meter, about 333.33 millimeters.

In addition to the above, many local units were in use prior to metrication, among them:

Name Where Value in millimeters
pied d'Agen Agen, Aiguillon 342.3
(called pied de Comté in Arras),
pied de Vermandois
Aire, Aisne, Ardennes, Arras,
Beauvais, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Caen,
Calvados, Camdray, Laon, Lille,
Mézières, St. Omer, Saint-Quentin, Rouen,
Vermandois, Vervins
297.77, = 11 pouces of Paris
pied delphinal Hautes-Alpes, Embrun, Gap 333.45, = 1/6 canne
pied ordinaire 325.1
ancien pied or pan Avignon 247.875, ⅛ canne, = 9 pouces = 108 lignes
pied barrois Bar-le-Duc 294.4
  Bergues-St. Vinox 273.65
ancien pied Besançon 314.74
pied de Comté Besançon, Dôle, 357.5
  Bordeaux 356.74
  Bourgogne, Dijon, Dole, Mâon 331.2, = ²⁄₅ths of the aune of Provence
  Briel 335.2
  Châlons-sur-Marne 270.7, = 10 pouces
(they also used the pied de roi)
pied delphinal à Grenoble Dauphiné, Grenoble 341
  Douay 297.8
pied de ville Lyon 342.5
pied messin Metz 282.3
pied de Lorraine Metz, Nancy 285.93
pied d'évêché Metz, Rouen 270.7, = 10 pouces of Paris
  Sedan 281.53, = 10.4 pouces of Paris
  Villefranche 332

Doursther, 1840.

2

In France, ? – 19th century, two units of volume for wood.

A unit for wood used in building, cabinetmaking, and so forth, the pied de solive = 1/6 solive, about 0.167 cubic meter. See solive.

A unit for fuel wood, a subdivision of the corde, varying by locale.

sources

Le pied, subdivision de la corde, n'était pas représenté par un cube mesurant un pied sur chacune de ses trois dimensions, mais par un parallélipipède rectangle ayant pour base un pied carré et pour hauteur la longueur de bûche. Ainsi la corde de Lorraine se subdivisait en 32 pieds, la corde de port en 40 pieds, la voie de Paris en 20 pieds, etc. Ces différentes mesures locales servent encore aux règlements de prix de façonnage entre les adjudicataires et les bûcherons, mais, le plus souvent, les transactions entre vendeur et acheteur se font au stère.

The pied, a subdivision of the corde, is not represented by a cube measuring 1 pied in each of its three dimensions, but by a rectangular parallelopiped having for its base a square pied and for its height the length of the log. Thus the corde of Lorraine is subdivided into 32 pieds, the corde de port into 40 pieds, the voie of Paris into 20 pieds, and so forth. These different local measures still serve in settling the price of dressing  between those awarding contracts and the woodcutters, but, more often, transactions between sellers and buyers are made in stere.

H. Nanquette.
Cours de Technologie Forestière.
Paris: Berger-Levrault et Cie, 1887.
Page 161.

3

In Mauritius and the Seychelles, ? – 20th century, and in Haiti, 20th century, approximately 32.48 centimeters. This is the pied de roi, not the American or imperial foot (= 30.48 centimeters).

4

In Quebec, Canada, the length of the pied was set at exactly 12.789 inches by Act of Parliament July 7, 1919 (9-10 George V, chapter 75, 1919). Again, the pied de roi.

5

In Switzerland, 19th century, the pied, = 30 centimeters (about 11.81 inches), = 10 pouces = 100 lignes = 1000 traits. The previous pied was about 293.26 cm.

5

In Belgium, 32.49 centimeters (about 12.79 inches). Some older local values:

Name Where Value in millimeters
pied de Saint Hubert Liége 294.698, used for carpentry
pied de Saint Lambert Hasselt, Liée, Namur, Tongres,
Saint-Trond
291.796, = 10 pouces,
used for land area
pied of Brussels Brussels, Brabant, Liezele, Lippeloo,
Oppuers, Puers
275.75, = 11 pouces = 88 lignes
pied of Antwerp Antwerp, Arendonck, Brabant, Brecht,
Contich, Desschel, Lierre, Poppel,
Ravels, Rethy, Santhove, Santvliet,
Weelde, Wilryck
286.8, = 11 pouce = 121 lignes
(pouce was also divided into 8 lignes or parties)
pied linéaire or agraire de Gand Saint Amand, Bornhem, Flanders,
Gand. Hingene, Weerdt
275.3, = 10 pouces = 100 lignes
pied de Hainaut Ath, Boussu, Chimay, Enghien, Hainaut,
Jemmape, Lessines et Leuze, Mons,
Péruwelz, Quiévrain
293.45
pied de maçonnerie, steenvoet Audenaerde, Courtray, Ingelmunster,
Iseghem, Wacken
297.7
pied de charpente, houtvoet Audenaerde 292
pied agraire Audenaerde 285.1
  Bruge, Gristelles, Westerloo 274.4, = 11 pouces
pied de Liége Charleroi, Chatelet, Chimay, Fleurus,
Gosselies, Jumetz
291.8
pied de Louvain Diest, Louvain 285.512
  Duffel 278
(called pied du Vermandois in St. Quentin) Flanders, Gand (for construction),
Normandy
297.77, = 11 pouces
pied de Gozée Fontaine-l'évêque, Gozée 275.65
  Furnes 278.1; = 10 pouces = 100 lignes
  Gheel, Hérenthals, Moll 287.4
pied d'Alost Grammot 277.2
  Heyst-op-den Berg 278; = 11 pouces = 121 lignes
pied de ste. Gertrude Nivelles 277.09,
pied de Ruremonde Ruremonde 283
pied de Gueldre Ruremonde 287.9
  Teralphene 277.65
  Termonde 276
  Tirlemont 285.5
pied d'Ypres Warneton, Ypres 273.9
X

Sorry. No information on contributors is available for this page.

home | units index | search |  contact drawing of envelope |  contributors | 
help | privacy | terms of use