In pharmaceutical recipes, as much as can be taken between the thumb and two (some say three) fingers.
Manipulus, is a great handful M
Pugillus, is a small handful. p
Sarah Wigges her Book 1616.
Manuscript in possession of the Royal College of Physicians (London), MS654
Note, That by Parts is to be understood a Pugil; which is no more than one does usually take up between the Thumb and the two next Fingers. By Fascicule a reasonable full Grip, or Handful.
Acetaria. A Discourse of Sallets.
London: Printed for B. Tooke, 1699.
In the apothecary's shop, which blazed like a ball room, one of the fattest court-lackeys was begging of one of the leanest dispensers a maniple more and a little pugillus* of moxa for his Highness. But the lean man took behind his scales a half-open handful of moxa, and four finger-tipfuls more (for in fact a little pugillus amounts to only three finger-tips), and sent it all to the feet of the Prince.…
The reason why the dispenser gave more than the recipe said was…
* A fistful. — Tr[anslator].
Jean Paul Friedrich Richter.
Charles T. Brooks, translator.
Hesperus, or Forty-Five Dog-Post-Days. Vol. 1.
Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1865.
pug. pugillus. A pugil; a pinch; a grip between thumb and first two fingers; the eighth part of a handful; from thirty to sixty grains; originally what one can hold in the fist; a handful.
An Epitome of Therapeutics with Special Reference to the Laboratory Products of John Wyeth and Brother.
Philadelphia: John Wyeth and Brother, 1906.
The weight to be used in all shops is that introduced into Bavaria in 1811, as the Apothecaries' weight. … By Mp (Manipulus) half an ounce is understood; by Pg (Pugillus) two drachms, whether the quantity refers to petals or leaves.
The Pharmaceutical Journal, v 4, no 12 (June 1, 1845).
Review of Entwurf einer Arznei-Taxe.
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