Among the Germanic peoples, at least as early as the first century – 16th century, a unit of itinerant distance, conceptually the distance between “rests”. It was introduced into present-day France by the Franks in the 5th century. The Romans came to think of it as 3 mille passus, (about 4.44 kilometers). In northern France and Belgium it was also thought of as 2 leuca. In later maps it is described as “millare germanicum parvum,” the small German mile, equivalent to 3 of the then-current Italian mille.
De Duitsche Mijlen en andere, in de Nederlanden in de 16de Eeuw in Gebruick zinjde Mijlen.
Tidschrift koninklik aardrikskunig genoosenchap L. V., (1938) page 432.
Paulys Real-Encyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft (2nd edition). Vol. 1 col. 267.
Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1920.
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