salma

1

In Malta Map showing the location of Malta , ? – 20th century, a unit of capacity, about 290.944 liters.

In the 19th century, Doursther reported a value of 289.61 liters. Wheat and barley was sold by the stricken salma.  Beans, chick peas, green beans, maize, lentils, the seeds of flax, hemp and canary(?), charcoal and salt were sold heaped, by the salma colma, about 16% larger.

2

In Naples and Apulia, 15th century, a unit of dry capacity used for grain, about 276 liters.

La salma del grano di Napoli fa in Firenze staia xj e un terzo e ogni salma è octo tomoli.

The salma of grain of Naples makes 11 1/3 Florentine staia and each salma is 8 tomoli.

Chiarini, 1481.

Sicily, 14th – 15th centuries, had two salmas:

La salma del grano di Palermo ch'è salma generale gitta in Firenze staia 10 in xj. E ogni salma è xvj tomoli.

The salma of grain in Palermo which is called the salma generale equals 10 to 11 Florentine staia. And each salma is 16 tomoli.

Chiarini, 1481.

Come responde la salma zeneral de Cicilia che se chiama la salma pizola; notta che ditta salma sono tumani 16 ma sono menori tumani de quelli de la salma grossa che sono stara 3 un quarto venetiana.

How the salma generale of Sicily compares to that called the salma piccola. Note that the said salma are 16 tomoli but are smaller tomoli than those of the salma grossa, which are 3¾ Venetian staia.

Bartolommeo di Pasi.
Tariffa de' pesi e mesure con gratia et privilegio.
Venice: 1503.
As quoted in Edler, page 256.

Messina and certain other parts of Sicily, 15th century, had a third salma, the salma grossa, about 295 liters, 20% larger than the salma generale. By the 19th century Doursther is reporting that it is 25% larger, 20 tomoli instead of the 16 of the salma generale, but was also divided into 16 tomoli grossi. He gives an equivalent of 342.57 liters and describes it as used for such goods as nuts, hazel-nuts and oilseeds.

La salma grossa si vende in Messina, a Thaberina, a Saragosa, a Ghatti, al Bendichar, a Chatania, al Posaglio, alle Bronchola, a Terra nuova, a Ghosta e alla Falchoniera. Et questa salma è maggiore che la generale xx per cento... .

The salma grossa is used in trade in Messina, Thaberina, Saragossa, Gazzi, Bendichar, Catania, Pozzallo, Bronchola, Gela, Augusta, and Falchioniera. This salma is larger than the salma generale by 20%.

Chiarini, 1481.

3

A unit of liquid capacity, ? – 19th century:

Locale Comments and Equivalents Liters
Bari for oil. = 10 staja = 320 pignate 165.44
Calabria = 300 pignatoli 304.69
Gallipoli for oil. = 10 staja = 320 pignatti 155.00
Naples for oil. = 16 staja = 256 quarti = 320 pignate = 1536 misurelle 161.96
Pola   150.84
La Pouille = 10 staja 154.05
Messina for wine. = 8 barili = 16 quartari. It is also traded at 83.3 L. 87.60
Syracuse   77.84

4

ship capacity unit

X

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