soma [Italian]

Plural, some.

1

In the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venice (which included the cities of Milan and Venice), the name given to the hectoliter in 1803. It was divided into 10 mine = 100 pinte = 1000 coppi.

2

A pack animal load, 15th century.

Spezie era al Chairo asai per venire in Alesandria, e a Domascho era giunto una charovana de la Meche da some 3600 e un altra da some 300, ch'è gran soma; che vi si troverà la chonperare farà bene.

Spices were at Cairo intended for sale in Alexandria, and at Damascus joined a caravan of Mecca of 3600 some and another of 300 some, which is a lot of soma; whoever is there to buy it will do well.

A writer in Venice in 1403.
Archivio Datini. Cartella. Barcelona 85. As quoted in Edler.

3

In Pera and Tana, 15th century, a unit of mass, probably about 200 grams.

Somo uno d'ariento della Azov fa un Firenze once 7 danar 7.

One soma of silver in Azov makes in Florence 7 oncia 7 denari.

Chiarini, 1481.

4

Various units of liquid capacity.

Locale Source   Liters
Ancona 1 = 2 barili = 48 boccali = 192 fogliette 85.92
Bastia, Corsica 1 = ½ baril = 6 zucche = 56 pinte or boccali = 216 quarti 70
Florence 1 for oil. = 2 barili = 32 fiaschi = 64 boccali. Other writers report that  66.85
2 in the 15th century, for wine, = 2 barili 91.16
Livorno 1 for oil. = 2 barili = 32 fiaschi = 64 boccali 66.85
Rome 1 for oil. = 2 pelli or mastelli = 20 cugnatelli = 80 boccali.
Expected weight, 440 libbra (149 kilograms)
164.25
Sinigaglia 1 for wine. 118

1. Doursther, 1840.

2. Amanda Lillie.
Florentine Villas in the Fifteenth Century. An Architectural and Social History.
Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press, 2005.

5

Various units of dry capacity.

Locale   liters
Bergamo =1/10 carro = 8 staja = 12 quarte = 48 copelle 165.67
Brescia = 12 quarts 146
Milan old measure, for rice. = 12 staja. Expected to weigh 250 libbra grossa (175 kilograms) 219.35
Trente = 8 staja 169

Doursther, 1840.

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